The telescope may celebrating it’s 400th anniversary this year, but astronomy is as old as humanity.
Below is a rough history of the last 2000 years. It’s not complete (I need to add Thomas Harriot who drew the first picture of the moon’s craters, and Arabic science isn’t very well represented yet), but it’s sufficient to demonstrate the extraordinary increase in human knowledge between 2AD and 2003AD.
(btw, this is a first draft. I’m sure there’s a much better presentation possible, but I don’t have the time. If any l33t skillz web designer wants to get in touch to create a more aesthetically pleasing timeline, I would be very happy to discuss)
John Gribbin, ‘History of Science’
Isaac Asimov, ‘History of Science’
Various other similar type books.